In the art-world of Europe, nineteenth century was the time of new ideas. In the second half of it, a French Painter Georges Seurat (1859-1891) started a virgin experiment. He put the points of pure colours side by side and tried creating the visual mix in the eyes of the viewers themselves. He succeeded in creating a magical effect. His was education in various theories of colours and his wonderful insight in finding out the effects of different linear structures help generating a new trend in the world of art.
Lighthouse at Honfleur
What is Pointillism
The simple definition of pointillism can be given like this: it is a technique in which a painting is done by putting dots of the colours. The colours are generally put in their pure hues and shades. It is depiction of play of light by putting tiny dots of colours side by side. Arranging these colours in their contrasting shades, the whole painting is made looking to look sparkling with brilliance. Though every technique is important for beautification of canvas, no technique should deter the main purpose of an artist. The passion with which an artist is painting and the level of expression he or she is devoting to paint must be unaffected. Pointillism would help artist's creativity.
Seurat had done unique contribution in the art of painting by recreating the images using small dots of colours. These small contrasting dots would make an eye-catching and subtle change in the forms of the objects painted. If we look at the painting Lighthouse at Honfleur done by Georges Seurat, we would know ho dexterously the colours are put side by side creating a brilliant image. The tiny dots of green yellow and other pure colours are arranged creating the sense of light and the feeling of the distance. Ordinarily the artists mix the colours to create the required effects of light and shadows. In pointillism, a form of divisionism, the coluure get mixed by the eyes of viewers. (Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons )
The Artist: Were we to talk about the art of Georges Seurat, we would never miss his A Sunday on La Grande Jatte – 1984. When he, a young man of 26 presented this painting to the eyes of the critics, it was immediately taken as posing challenge to the impressionism.
A Sunday on La Grande Jatte
In fact this was the painting, and Georges Seurat was the artists, that initiated the movement called “Neo-Impressionism” in the world of art. This painting has become one of the paintings which even an ordinary person would recognize. This is the true recognition of the artistic prowess of the painter who had tried balancing the two contradictory aspects of innovations and the traditions. His palate mainly contained the pure colours like French ultra marine, cobalt blue, burnt and raw
sienna and cadmium yellow. These mix of the colours made his paintings so beautiful.
Seurat used the theories of colours in creating the optical unification of colours. By using the contrasting colours so skillfully, he would form a single hue in the eyes of the viewers. He preferred pointillism over the traditional brushstroke technique because he was of the opining that his technique would make the colours more brilliant and the painting a vivid. His palate was occupied by the newly invented pigment of yellow and the traditional orange, blue and green. (Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons)