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ART MOVEMENTS: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Painters

Descriptive detail is one of the most proper means to convey truth and realism: this is what John Ruskin, a great British writer and art critic of nineteenth century, believed. The artists group known as Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood took a leaf from Ruskin’s book and succeeded in recreating the concept on their colourful canvases.

The Black Brunswicker, 1860, by John Everett Millais

Instead of pursuing the mechanical style of mannerism that was followed after Raphael and Michelangelo, the artists like Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Morris, John Everett Millais, and William Holman Hunt preferred the painting style of late Middle Ages and early Renaissance artists.

If we stamp the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood as the first Avant-Garde movement, we would not be far from the truth. Depiction of genuine idea and precise study of nature were the prominent features of these artists. If we look at the painting titled as “Christ in the House of His Parents” done by John Everett Millais, we would visualise both of these aspects. In this painting Millais has shown the most accurate realistic approach, painting almost the real visual of house of a carpenter. Jesus as child and his mother Marry are two main figures grabbing our attraction.

The contemporary art critics had not taken this painting with due sympathy. It was rejected by branding an unworthy to blasphemous. No other that the great writer Charles Dickens had said that in this painting the family of a Godly person as Jesus was shown as a family of poor labourer. However the artists attached with Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood would not be discouraged. They continue remaining devoted to their art showing naturalism and realism.

The Bower Meadow by Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Founded in 1848 in the city of London and becoming more and more famous in the succeeding decades, the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood had several master artists in it fold. Dante Gabriel Rossetti was one of the most famous artists among the group. He was famous for his vivid colours and art of transferring the beauty of women onto canvases. In addition to his artistic height, he was famous for his love relationships he built up and maintained with his female models and the colleagues. Jane Morris, wife of William Morris who was close friend of Rossetti, was among his ‘closely connected’ models.

British painters John Godward and John William Waterhouse. They carried forward the depiction of reality almost in photorealistic style of painting. The collection of paintings done by John Godward is like icon of the beauty of women shown in art. Though the subjects chosen by John William Waterhouse came from the mythology and the history, he maintained the depicting of realistic pattern alive.

Christ in the House of His Parents

Painted by John Everett Millais (Images courtesy Wikimedia Commons)

Artists: Painting Shakespearean Themes

Shakespeare has been one of the major source of inspiration for the most of the great painters of past and present. Here are some of the artists who have chosen the themes and scenes from the writings of Shakespeare.

Joseph Noel Paton was an artist who painted under the style of Pre-Raphaelite movement. Born inScotland in the year 1821, Paton was had tried his family business of a weaver for a time. But his artistic fire dragged him to theRoyal Academy of arts.

Study for The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania

The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania

He had painted several portraits and paintings which are based on mythology. But the painting, The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania, displayed here is a unique one. It is based on the story of the play 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' written by Shakespeare.

The Art: In this painting, Paton has shown Oberon and Titania. These characters are king and queen of one of the fairy tales. The couple is shown as quarrelling over the possession of the child who was carried off to the fairy realm and replaced by a fairy child. The imaginative part of this painting is very strong. All the creatures, the part of a fairly tale, painted in beautiful style lead our eyes ti the central figures of Oberon and Titania.

If we look at the above painting closely, we can see how the main figures are put into center and wide space is put in all the sides. But the space enhances the meaning and importance of the painting by leading the eyes of viewers to the scantily-clothed bodies of Oberon and Titania. It is the artist's skill that has created such a feel of relationship between the figures and the space on the frame. [Image Courtesy By Sir Joseph Noel Paton [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons ]

Paton family had done much contribution to the art of painting, literature and sculpture. His son Frederich was posted as the director of commercial intelligence in the government of India.

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