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LANDSCAPE PAINTINGS

Bierstadt Albert Scene in the Sierra NevadaLandscape painting is an effort to catch the behaviour of light falling on the land. It is intuition of the artist that defines the co-relationship of the objects lying on the land. In ordinary terms, the world landscape means the painting depicting an expanse of natural scenery: Mountains, rivers, and forest included.

Scene in the Sierra Nevad

An artist is endowed with the duty of representing what he or she feels while looking at the objects to be painted. This representational capability is at test when an artists start painting it, as it is a challenge. Landscape art demands the ability to design, skill to use colours, and capability for creating a suitable structure of the objects and environment to be painted.

The work of an artist here is to recreate the feel of the scene he or she is painting. An artist looks at the unfiltered beauty of nature; and there emerges an urge to recreate the scene on canvas; thus a landscape painting is born. The methods of communication through the colours are as varied as the moods of the Mother Earth itself. The work of an artist who paints landscapes reflects our attitudes towards the natural world and our own place in it. The painters who love reality try hard to make the replica of a scene, as near to the real. The impressionist artists would insist for depicting the emotional response of an artist after seeing a scene. Artists of romanticism would paint their emotions to depict the sublime part of nature. The articles given here try to help understanding what the landscape artists do and how they do it on their canvases.


Most of the landscape paintings present an ordered view of the nature, the Mother Earth. These paintings depict idealized places bathed in golden light or of a countryside, which bears the pleasant marks of habitations.


Weizenfelder, THE FIELD -by Ruisdael


For a painter of any style, and especially for a landscape painter, the nature of light is the principal character. The light may be fiery and intense or pale and diffuse. Among others, the skill to capture the way in which the sun and the moon illuminate the subject is important. For a landscape painter, it is paramount to consider the light-factor properly, as the light gives value and refinement to the objects the artists is going to enliven on the canvass.


Landscape painter very often uses the factor of light and darkness to implant a rhythmic pattern along with a symbolic meaning. Thus these painters use light as the powerful tools while adding value to their pieces of art. Sun being the main source of light, it is symbolically shown as masculine force, filling the world with life-giving energy. Same sun may be depicted as scorching and destructive, too.


The Mill Wijk-bij-Duurstede -by Ruisdael


The power of images to entertain and even control the minds of the viewers is a well-recognized concept. A frame of landscape painting often conveys meanings beyond those that are immediately apparent. Painters have often used the subject of landscape painting to suggest the brevity of human life against the permanence of the natural world. We can measure the futility of human endeavour comparing the same against the self-renewing natural cycles.


Capturing the acts of weather has remained a favourite subject for many artists. Extreme effects of the weather can also be used to communicate inspiring messages. Sometimes the message might not be clearly spelt in the object of painting itself; but by the masterly treatment of the subject, the painters have succeeded in creating such effects in the observers’ responses on seeing the painting. Remaining truly faithful to their subject and the art, these landscape painters have responded in a variety of ways to the challenge of depicting weather and its illusive atmospheric effect. (Images courtesy Wikimedia commons)



LANDSCAPE PAINTING: Catching Bright Light, Impressionist Style




Painting light and colour blend and the balance between fantasy and truth we find in landscape painters work giving us the measure of their art and knowledge of technique.


Impressionist Landcapes -By Alfred Sysley


While painting landscapes, the prime object of some of the artists remains to be the depiction of the beauty and harmony embedded in the nature. In doing so, they very often cross the boundary between reality and fantasy. While the painters of reality try hard depicting what they perceive.
 

Immediate visual impression, small strokes, partially modified shapes, and element of reflected light: these were, perhaps, the main characteristics of the paintings done by impressionist artists. They generally applied unmixed primary colours and used the element of light and shade dexterously


While attempting to depict space and the transitory effects of lights and atmosphere, the artists keep certain conventions of the art in mind. These conventions vary with the age and the group to which the artists belong. Painting the strong foreground to create the sense of recession and the trees and buildings populating the frame has remained the major preoccupation of the artists since long.


The landscapes available to paint are as limitless as the landscapes of the land and hills. The artists use their tools of trade, their desire to animate the nature; and they add shades and flavour of their imagination into the paintings. They use chromatic palette, rich of colours, for determining the object and giving the picture a balance and atmosphere. (Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons)


How to Capture Morning Light


L'Ondée Landscape Artist: Antoine Chintreuil


When we look at the landscape or seascape before our eyes, we tend to respond differently. But the general response towards the landscape is the feeling of deep love and gratitude towards the Mother Earth. When the artists, a painter takes a brush in his or her hand and stands before a blank canvass he or she does not feel differently as a human being. But as an artist when a person, with an idea to depict these natural object; stands before a blank canvass his or her desire is to reflect the attitudes towards the natural world, the beauty of Mother Earth.


The above painting is by Antoine Chintreuil (1814 – 1873), a French painter who had painted many beautiful scenes capturing bright light and lively atmosphere around Seine Valley in France. Here the use of bright yellow, Indian yellow perhaps, makes the morning sky and the cultivated landscape lively. More charmingly the human figures standing in foreground are not much highlighted against the landscape. We can see that the focal point of painting is at a distance, in the middle of the frame where bright sunny sky and the sun-bathed mountain range meet each other. The bright colours used have made the whole painting so lively; and the art of exploiting the potentialities of oil paint is at best here. (Image Courtesy Wikimedia Commons)


The art of landscape paintings throw us on vastness of land and sea and the sky above our heads. The eye-catching colour scheme of the nature charms every artist’s mind and arrests the heart. Its every segment has own effect on our thinking and emotions. The flowing rivers make us to believe that the nature would provide for our food for ever; and the upright mountains challenge us to be brave and innovative.


The artist tries depicting every mood of the land, sky and the sea on canvass. The colours the artists spread on canvass or a piece of paper animate the picture that has been formed in the psychic of the artists. We should take it granted that the final outcome is not the exact replica or photocopy of what the eyes of the artists have visualised. The painting is a pictorial presentation of the artist’s memory, the memory that he or she has blended with artistic imagination.


LANDSCAPE PAINTING: Capturing the Brightness of Sunny Morning



Renoir Using Effect of Light : Since Antiquity, painters have sought to portray the glories of nature, and many of their pictures have become the best-known masterpieces in the history of art. Sometimes recognizable places, sometimes only colours and textures or landscape designs, the landscape paintings show that even in modern industrialized society the art of landscape painting still has the power to elicit artistic expression. (Image Courtesy Wikimedia commons )


The challenge for landscape artists is to orchestrate various figures, environment, and their setting inter se, so that the significance of the depicted scene is clearly communicated. As the landscape painting is a representational art, the use of colours is among the prime features of the same. Here in the above landscape painting, the master artist Renoir had used everything he had in his stockpile. Like other impressionists this painter, Renoir also used unusual tonal colours to stir up moods and impressions. Under influence of Impressionism, the recreation of objective reality was nearly discouraged and was almost replaced by the practice of developing subjective response to a piece of work to actual experience.
 

Immediate visual impression, small strokes, partially modeled shapes, and element of reflected light: these were, perhaps, the main characteristics of the paintings done by the impressionist artists. They generally applied unmixed primary colours and used the element of light and shade dexterously.


While painting landscapes, the prime object of some of the artists remains to be the depiction of the beauty and harmony embedded in the nature. While doing so they often cross the boundary, between reality and fantasy. While the painters of reality try hard to depict what they perceive in front of their eyes.


Landscape Gallery,  paintings in bright yellow colour, capturing brightness of sun and sand.


L'Ondée Landscape Artist: Antoine Chintreuil


When we look at the landscape or seascape before our eyes, we tend to respond differently. But the general response towards the landscape is the feeling of deep love and gratitude towards the Mother Earth. When the artists, a painter takes a brush in his or her hand and stands before a blank canvass he or she does not feel differently as a human being. But as an artist when a person, with an idea to depict these natural object; stands before a blank canvass his or her desire is to reflect the attitudes towards the natural world, the beauty of Mother Earth. (Image Courtesy Wikimedia Commons)


The above painting is by Antoine Chintreuil (1814 – 1873), a French painter who had painted many beautiful scenes capturing bright light and lively atmosphere around Seine Valley in France. Here the use of bright yellow, Indian yellow perhaps, makes the morning sky and the cultivated landscape lively.


More charmingly the human figures standing in foreground are not much highlighted against the landscape. We can see that the focal point of painting is at a distance, in the middle of the frame where bright sunny sky and the sun-bathed mountain range meet each other. The bright colours used have made the whole painting so lively; and the art of exploiting the potentialities of the oil paint is at best here.


The art of landscape paintings throw us on vastness of land and sea and the sky above our heads. The eye-catching colour scheme of the nature charms every artist’s mind and arrests the heart. Every segment of nature has its own effect on our thinking and emotions. The flowing rivers make us to believe that the nature would provide for our food for ever; and the upright mountain challenge us to be brave and innovative.
  

The artist tries depicting every mood of the land, sky and the sea on canvass. The colours the artists spread on canvass or a piece of paper animate the picture that has been formed in the psychic of the artists. We should take it granted that the final outcome is not the exact replica or photocopy of what the eyes of the artists have visualised. The painting is a pictorial presentation of the artist’s memory, the memory that was before his or her eyes, and the memory that he or she has blended with artistic imagination.


ITALIAN PAINTINGS: Of Flowers, Vases and Effect of Light


The Art: If we were to select two great subjects which fascinate the artists much; one would be painting the flowers, and another would be painting female in their natural beauty: cloth-less. The Italian painter Sicurezza, had mastered in both of these subjects.


Still Life With Pitchers


He painted beautiful flowers; he painted terrifically bold paintings of cloth-less females. Here we can see the marvelous use of green and yellow. His females' paintings are beautifully panted in yellow colours, making the bare skin more glowing.
 

The Artist: Antonio Sicurezza, an Italian artists had painted very small collection of canvasses. But his painting are bold in stroke and terrific in creating impression on the art-lovers' minds, especially after he left brush and took spatula in his hand, Antonio Sicurezza had built up his style of painting on two fundamental elements. This helped him reaching at the best of his artistic representation. While laying colours on canvas he cared much about the physical construction. He would look carefully at the bare body of the female model he wanted to paint, or he would look well at the objects he decided to make alive through the colours.

After starting the use of spatula, and not the brush, as tool to distribute and overlay the paints on canvas; Antonio Sicurezza had to care much about the aspects of keeping right balance of colours and the hues of the colours and the mass of the colours to be loaded on spatula. (Image Courtesy By Antonio Sicurezza (1905–1979)    Description Italian painter   Date of birth/death 25 February 1905(1905-02-25) 29 August 1979(1979-08-29)   Location of birth/death Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Italia Formia, Italia   Work location Formia, Italia [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons)

Antonio Sicurezza - Alley of Itri
Antonio Sicurezza , an Italian artists had painted very small collection of canvasses. But his painting, especially after he left the use of brush and took spatula in his hand, are bold in stroke and terrific in creating impression of the art-lovers' minds.


Alley of Itri, by Antonio Sicurezza


Antonio Sicurezza (1905 -1979) had built up his style of painting based on two fundamental elements. This styles of painting helped him representing his artistic prowess at the best. At the time of doing paintings, especially putting his bright colour palate in full swing of action, he kept caring much about the physical construction of the subject.


Here in this painting of cityscape, he had marvelously depicted the sloppy street of a small Italian town. Here the perspective of the painting and effects of his colours lead us to feel that we are virtually walking to the downside of a street. (Images Courtesy By Antonio Sicurezza (1905–1979)    Description Italian painter   Date of birth/death 25 February 1905(1905-02-25) 29 August 1979(1979-08-29)   Location of birth/death Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Italia Formia, Italia   Work location Formia, Italia [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons) (The heirs of the creator of this work have released this it into the public domain.)


For an artists, one of the greatest challenges while depicting his or her artistic prowess remains to overcome the play of light and shadow. The effects of these often lay the shadow on the subconscious thoughts of an artist and it leads him or her to think in different manner, too. Antonio Sicurezza has done his best here to maintain the road of depicting the effects of light in its natural position.


After accepting spatula, and not the brush, as the tool to put the colours on canvass; he had painted some of his master pieces. If this painting is any evidence, his spatula must have cared much about the aspect of keeping right balance of colours; the hues of the colours; and the mass of the colours to be laid down on canvas. In his paintings of natural beauties of females, too, he had followed the same approach to composition. He had masterly laid the colours in all of their hues. His brush possessed bold strokes, and the spatula had artistic eyes.

Other Articles About Landscape Painting

Painting Order and Harmony in Nature : The painters ideas about the forms, as they perceive them, are quite complex. It varies with the experience of each and every artist. Artist Painter Nicholas Roerich's method of communication is unique in nature, so far as the his paintings of Himalayan Mountains are concerned.








Landscape painting has a timeless appeal for the head and hearts of the artists. Energetic presence of sun, the mind-cooling beauty of moonlight, the overflowing joy of rivers, and alluring greenery have always inspired the painters. This inspiration has made them to take brushes in hand and colours on palates and stand before a blank canvas. And there starts recreation of what they see and feel.




The Morning -by Caspar David Friedrich






Why we Love Natural Scenes


Our likes and dislikes are the offspring’s of some our basic desires. These intrinsic desires shape our attitude and behavior. The love for art is one of such basic likings. We love artwork in general, but there are certain genre of the art which gives us more pleasure and satisfaction. The landscape painting is one of them.


Landscape painting is an art that enlivens what is there in nature. We the humans love to see those painting for many reasons. The first and foremost reason is that the landscape painting is representation of the purity Mother Earth wears. We love that element of purity to be a permanent part of our life. So we all love to have a landscape painting or a poster on our wall.





Role of an Artist


If we look at the paintings done by renowned artists like Constable and Claude Manet, we would feel spellbound for what they have painted. They did really recreate the feel of the unspoiled beauty that they had seen with their eyes. It is because if the nature is allowed to function on its own, it will look aesthetically correct. Thus the paintings of Caspar David Friedrich would be like a statement in aesthetics.


GrottoGroux
The genre of landscape painting provides a good ground to use the symbolism in art. Mood of the earth and the light on the surface of it change very often symbolizing different moods. A great artist would make out many things with the help of different colours the nature spreads through the help of sunrays and in absence of the same.



Grotto: painting by Henry De Groux (1866-1930)  


Thus the artists get help from the nature; and the genre of landscape painting become more revealing through the imaginations the clan of artists see and the and the artistic skills they apply. If we look at the paintings done by Russian artist Ivan Constantinovich Aivazovsky, we can feel that the creative use of colours play a great role in enhancing the value of an artwork. While painting seascape, he had used the transparent colours so skillfully that we would feel the transparency of the water. [Images courtesy By Friedrich, Caspar David[see page for license], from Wikimedia Commons , and By Henry de Groux (my own photo of an artwork)[see page for license], from Wikimedia Commons]








MODERN LANDSCAPE PAINTINGS




The artist who paint landscapes reflect an honest attitude towards the natural world and their own place in it in particular; in general it is artistic human response to the beauty of Mother Earth.


Malcesine on Lake Garda with Monte Baldo By E. T. Compton





The facets and forms of landscape paintings have been changing through the ages. And the master artists and their disciples have put enormous efforts and the skills at their disposal. But they have been hardly able to paint the accurate copies of the places they see and the scenes they love to paint. Such are the liveliness and the changing moods of the surfaces of the Mother Earth.



The painters, by their artistic endeavours and use of intuitions, have turned the medium of landscape painting to touch the potentials hidden in the art of painting.  Unpredictable are the liveliness and the changing moods of the surfaces of the Mother Earth. These painters manipulated the moods through colours and tones; they masterly stroked the brushes and lines and arrived on a beautiful composition. They presented the nature from various viewpoints. The artists of landscapes often provide more information and sense of the place than it would be possible to capture from a single viewpoint.





The noble duty of landscape painters is to depict the underlying structures and not merely the details of the world in three dimensions. The painters by their art strive to elevate the painting-lovers to a higher and noble plane.



Landscape in Winter -by Otto Barth


The real life is full of imperfections, but the painters choose the most beautiful parts to represent. On seeing the final work our eyes catch the painting’s colour, its proposition and the balance of light and shade. In all the desire of the painter to represent the ideal beauty is achieved through their works.








Theme of this landscape with vibrant and cool colours is attractive. Modern landscape painter have developed their own style of painting the things lying around the nature.

Sunrise 60x50 cm, -by Margret Hofheinz-Doring

German Painter Margret Hofheing-Doring (1910 – 1994) was a painter who depicted various moods of the mother earth in her paintings. She has created nearly 9,000 images and has arranged more than one hundred exhibits around the word. She had painted several frames in the experimental structure painting wherein the artists over-paint collages of fabric and the image frame they carry.



The art of landscape painter revolve around the pivot of honouring and celebrating the physical environment of the earth. This task may be executed in variety of ways. The main attraction for considering the landscape as a big canvass is lies in the virginity of the beauty of the countryside. It is a delightful and relaxing place of retreat from the chaos of the city. Richly packed with long pastoral areas, the mountains, rivers, lush green vegetations and the down-to-the earth people: these are the subjects that hold great importance for landscape painting.



It is the matter of discussion whether an artist succeeds in quantifying his or her experiences. But the artist’s finished work surely develops a strong and moving emotional reaction in the hearts of viewers. The finished landscape paintings hardly dissatisfies the artist or the viewers.


Landscape with Mountain and Church, oil painting with painted frame, 56x59 cm, 1983- by Margret Hofheinz-Doring. (Images Courtesy Wkikimedia Commons)





Beautification of Mother Earth : While painting landscapes, prime object of some of the artists remains depiction of beauty and harmony embedded in the nature.Vastness of land, seas, rivers and mountains are the ingredients of landscape paintings. Perhaps John Constable has done the work of an artist better than many others. He had tried Creating a Relationship With the Nature.


Painting Romantic Landscapes: When a painter puts his or her colours on canvas for making a landscape in mind, the final artwork would be like a visual poem. It would be like a visual statement of the emotions felt by an artist. When we look at paintings of Joseph Mallord William Turner , we encounter vary feel of the scene painted.


Painting Romanticism With Allegory: Caspar David Friedrich tried conveying the emotional and a little bit subjective response to the natural surrounding he lived within. Through his landscapes paintings, not remaining a colourful representation of the Mother Earth only, he spoke the metaphysical side of the human mind, too. His paintings are loaded with allegory, too.



Hudson River Valley School: In fact Hudson River Valley movement is not a physical term in a sense. It is like a school of thought and vision the artists had.The serene beauty and grand scale of beautiful landscapes had fascinated the souls of some of the great American painters.


Artists and the Art of Landscape Painting

After putting the masterly efforts and all the skills available, the landscape painter hardly can paint an entirely accurate copy of a place. Such are the liveliness and the changing moods of the surfaces of the Mother Earth. But turning the medium of landscape painting to their advantage, these painters often provide more information and sense of the place than it would be possible to capture from a single viewpoint.

The art of landscape paintings honours and celebrate the physical environment of the Mother Nature in a variety of ways. The idea of considering the countryside as a delightful and relaxing place of retreat from the chaos of the city is an old one. Rich with long pastoral areas, the mountains, rivers, lush green vegetations and the down-to-the earth people: these are the subjects that hold great importance for landscape painting. Artists have painted such places turning them into the object of delight. (Image courtesy By Albert Bierstadt (1830–1902) Description American painter Date of birth/death 7 January 1830(1830-01-07) 19 February 1902(1902-02-19) Location of birth/death Solingen New York City Work location New Bedford, New York City, Irvington, New York, California (forum.netfotograf.com) [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons)
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