Persian miniature artists depicted lifestyle prevailing in
The origin of the Persian miniature is difficult to trace. But with the conquest of
Girl smoking, Muhammad Qasim,
It was the time when the artists we unknown about the concept of painting the purposeful ambiguity. They were simple minded people, like the guy who lives in our neighbourhood. So they painted in a simple way. Mostly known as manuscript illumination, the art of Persian miniature paintings flourished in present day
Persian miniatures are mainly found in the books produced for the wealthy people residing in the area. It was because only the very rich and powerful could afford to commission a manuscript with the miniature paintings. The artist involved in the art of miniature paintings and calligraphers were respected as celebrities, and were highly sought after persons in the time.
Here in the above miniature, the colours used for depicting the transparency of the clothes are also indicating that the characters occupying the scene belongs to a highly rich family, perhaps a noble man’s family. The silk clothes, sometimes imported from Kashmir region of
Virgin Mary and Jesus
The other miniature painting is of Virgin Marry and Jesus. the painting is done in Islamic style, in Islam religion they are called as Mariam and Isa. Persian miniatures are sometimes being compared to stage settings, arranged on various levels and composed around an architectural scene. Very often the mountainous landscape is also are the part of the miniatures. This painting contains a host of small actors, all equal in size, bustling here and there on the stage set for them. The characters wander at any level of the paintings.
The accumulation of picturesque details and the neat and precise brushwork is the specific characteristics of the Persian paintings. The viewers can let theirs eyes sail over the wealth of the details that is stemming from the meticulous observation of the nature. The miniatures, which are often rich in literary allusions, make the viewers admiring the whole picture. These works mainly illustrated the scriptures and literary texts.
PERSIAN PAINTING FROM MASTER PAINTER BIHZAD
During 15th century, the miniature paintings in contemporary
Kamaleddin Behzad. Persia. (1494-95) Present Location British Museum, London
Though the Miniature painting was a prominent art since 13th century, it was on peak in 15th and 16th centuries. In
The Shiraz School of later 14th century Persia is distinguished by its brilliance of coloring and presence of gorgeous landscapes; by the frequent inclusion of freely drawn bird and flower motifs in the margins; and by faces and figures with rounded contours. These faces had fine lines, narrow eyes, and rather characteristic sideways glances. A newly applied technique of vertical perspective is evident wherein the figures and objects are shown one over other. However the paintings of the ponds and carpets still were painted as flat figures.
The symbolic decorative basis of Persian painting is fully apparent in the paintings of 15 the century. The flowers bask in the brilliance of daylight while the stars shine in sky. It was masterly combination of the style of realism with symbolism. The artists were completely unbounded by practicality of naturalism, yet theory approach remained completely comprehensible.
Miniatures of this period many a time utilized a new aide for producing perspective: the inclusion of hills and other natural elements in the background. Scenes were frequently staged on what appears to be the edge of a precipice, with horizon indicated by a sudden drop in the landscape. Figures in extreme background look as if they were climbing up an inevitable hill behind, their heads and shoulders appearing over the imaginary horizon. [Image courtesy: Virgin Mary and Jesus See page for author [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons , Kamaleddin Behzad By Kamaleddin Behzad [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons and Painting from Hasht-Behesht palace Wikimedia commons and Girl smoking Wikimedia Commons]